Integrated documentation of fortified Towns through
Advanced Digital Elaboration Systems - "CITADELS"
Europe is a land of castles and "citadels", small cities
surrounded by walls that from ancient times until the
16th century were built mainly along the Mediterranean
coasts to defend their populations. Many of them were
constructed in the Middle Ages on top of Greek and Roman
settlements, while others are the result of creative
renaissance town planning. Bearing witness to excellent
architectonic creations, they represent a common European cultural heritage, the safeguarding of which
demands that coordinated action should be taken to
enhance knowledge and its dissemination.
cities, exposed to degradation through lack of
maintenance, changing social and environmental
conditions and the specific effects of the marine
environment, share a number of basic features.
almost always constructed using the same material found
on the Mediterranean coasts - calcarenite - a stone with
specific conservation problems.
The solution towards an
adaptive re-use and integrated enhancement of complex
urban architectural systems such as citadels, is the
application of appropriate methods of conservation,
which are highly flexible and compatible with the
cultural and economic reality of the specific place.
Such methods of conservation must be implemented through
an in-depth study of all the variables involves and the
application of suitable methods for documenting and
managing all the data needed to achieve sustainable
Action of support for
development of the idea
To attain this
objective the opportunities of the Heritage Management
Mapping (HMM) and new documentation and representation
techniques (GIS and multimedia, quick photogrammetry, 3D
scanning & data capture, dynamic maps and databases)
will be investigated.
The results will be used to
implement an advanced standardised system for collecting,
managing and displaying all the data referring to
historico-architectonic and degradation problems
involving these sites and for using an on-line data base
to compare good practices used to achieve their
documentation, conservation and protection.
Actions of synthesis
The CITADELS project will
develop a methodology combining innovative surveying of
fortified urban sites with architectonic and
environmental data bases.
All the data will be collected,
standardised and appropriately structured in a Dynamic
Modular Information System (DYMIS).
The requirements of
such a system will better fulfilled by a system
structured around a GIS oriented program, which is
highly interactive, with multimedia capabilities and
also Web based.
DYMIS will allow:
i) a data management methodology to be
developed for recording, indexing, analysing
architectonic heritage data and
ii) best practice for
heritage documentation, preservation and management to
be applied to Mediterranean citadels and made accessible
on the web.
Three field case studies have been selected to develop
and test this method of Heritage Data Management:
The ramparts of San Salvatore and Santa Cristina and
the Genoese Tower in the fortified walls system of
Chania on the island of Crete (Greece).
The Citadel of Victoria in Gozo (Malta).
The renaissance village of Castellammare del Golfo in Sicily (Italy)
of Victoria - Gozo - Malta
Partners involved in the project